What are Information Systems?

Information Systems (IS) provide managers with informations to perform tasks using modern Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Computer-aided Information Systems enable new business processes and -models. They're a vital competitive factor in the digital world.

The major in Information Systems is a segment of business administration and addresses the use and design of Information Systems for business tasks and processes.

Examples of business Information Systems

The following examples illustrate the content of business information systems:

  • Systems for company-wide planning and control of resources (Enterprise Resource Planning, ERP)-systems.

  • Systems for controlling the information- and material flows in company-wide supply chains (Supply Chain Management, SCM)-systems.

  • Systems for managing customer relationships (Customer Relationship Management, CRM)-systems.

  • Systems to conduct business and business processes over the Internet or other networks (E-Business systems)

  • Systems for supplying services to citizens using the Internet.

Innovative ICT enables valuable  business processes and -models, like 'Vendor Managed Inventory Concepts': Food producers take care of inventory control and restocking of Articles in the retail sector.

The Internet enables new business models, e.g. virtual trade companies like 'Amazon', 'Discountbroker' as well as 'CortalConsors'. The use of Information Systems has to be economically valuable. Corporate Tasks should be supported in a way in which they can provide value to a company.

Key Focus and Challenges

Key focus is the use and management of these systems on the one hand, and their conception and development on the other, since systems have to be developed before they can be successfully used.

In fact, a graduate of Information Systems must have a profound knowledge in business administration and connected problems, extended with particular knowledge related to ICT. Previous knowledge in programming etc. is not required, it can be acquired through specialization courses.

Information Systems as a factor of production and trailblazer of the digital economy

In today's businesses there is hardly any business process, hardly any task, that is not supported by ICT. For the future, it is expected that the penetration of Information Systems in businesses continues to advance.

This will result in a global, digital economy, where networked companies exchange goods and services through Information Systems. Hence, the electronic business traffic and electronic administration will have dramatic effects on our economy and society, which have to be mastered.

Germany as a pioneer and fore-runner in the digital economy

Germany's position in the global digital economy relies on the one hand on the innovative and effective use of Information Systems. This can only be guaranteed if we continue to further develop the requisite technologies and services here in Germany in order to be competitive on the world markets. The global leader in the field of business software, SAP AG is a prime example. Alongside SAP AG there are over 5.000 software and IT service providers in Germany, generating around 15% of GDP. Only widespread ICT penetration of business processes can ensure that Germany is a step ahead in this field.

Information Systems as an investment in the future

Without the contribution made by Information Systems, attempts securing this competitive position is likely to fail. According to BITKOM, Germany currently lacks around 40,000 qualified IT specialists and managers. Interface business administration expertise is seen as extremely important. By studying business Information Systems you can make your own personal investment in the future.

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